Mental wellness is an essential component of total happiness. According to the WHO constitution, “health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not just the absence of disease or incapacity.” This means that mental health entails more than the absence of mental illnesses or disabilities.

Mental health is a state of well-being in which individuals recognize their potential, cope with daily challenges, work productively, and contribute to their community.

On a collective and individual level, mental health is critical to our ability to think, emote, interact with others, earn a living, and enjoy life. As a result, mental health promotion, protection, and restoration may be seen as a critical concern for individuals, communities, and societies worldwide.

Mental health determinants

A person’s mental health is determined by various social, psychological, and biological factors at any one time. Violence and chronic socioeconomic stresses, for example, are well-known threats to mental health, and the most conclusive evidence is linked to sexual violence.

Rapid societal change, demanding work environments, gender discrimination, social marginalization, unhealthy lifestyles, physical ill-health, and human rights violations are linked to poor mental health.

People are more sensitive to mental health disorders due to distinct psychological and personality variables. Genetic factors are among the biological dangers.

Promotion and protection of mental health

Actions that increase psychological well-being are included in mental health promotion. This could entail building a mental-health-friendly setting.

Mental health requires an environment that respects and defends basic civil, political, socioeconomic, and cultural rights. It is impossible to sustain a good level of mental health without the security and freedom given by these rights.

National mental health programs should address mental diseases and broader factors that promote mental health. Governmental and private policies and programs should include mental health promotion. It is critical to have the education, labor, justice, transportation, environment, housing, and welfare sectors and the health sector.

The following are some specific approaches to boost mental health:

Treatment and care for mental illness

In the context of national efforts to design and execute mental health policy, it is critical to not only safeguard and promote the mental well-being of its citizens but also to address the needs of those with known mental illnesses.

Over the last decade, our understanding of dealing with the rising burden of mental diseases has vastly increased. An increasing amount of research demonstrates the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of important therapies for priority mental diseases in nations of various economic development levels. The following are some examples of cost-effective, viable, and affordable interventions:

Suicide prevention, the prevention, and treatment of mental problems in children, the prevention and treatment of dementia, and substance abuse disorders all have several successful interventions. Non-specialists can use the mental health Gap Action Programme’s (map) evidence-based recommendations to effectively diagnose and manage a variety of urgent mental health disorders.